If you are looking for information regarding the Linnaean Society then you have come to the right place! LinnaeanSociety.org is dedicated to providing you with information about the well known and prestigious society. The Linnaean Society of London is one of the oldest of London’s Learned Societies which includes the AIDS Society, The Society of Critical Health Psychology, and the Mathmatical Union, among hundreds of others. It’s the worlds oldest organization devoted to natural history. Our site is devoted to providing you up to date and accurate information about the Linnaean Society, taxonomy and naturalism.
The society was founded in 1788 and named for the Swedish scientist Carl Linnaeus who passed that same year. He began to study medicine at the University of Lund in 1727, he then traveled 4,600 miles, on foot, on a journey to the Arctic Ocean. Along his way he discovered a hundred botanical species. In 1735 he published Systema Naturae (The System of Nature)which outlined his classification of plants based on their reproductive parts and patterns. He furthered this outline by using names of genus and species in his next book Fundamenta Botanica (The Fundamentals of Botany) in 1736 and again in 1738 with Classes Plantarum (Classes of Plants). His systems used the flower and its arrangements of reproductive organs to group plants into twenty-four classes, which are subdivided into genus and species.
In his publications he provided an outline of all the worlds’ plants and animals, as then discovered. He helped establish a standardized naming of the every species which was introduced in 1753 (for plants) and 1758 (for animals). His system consists of giving a one word name to a genus, and a two word name to a species. The genus name and the first name of the species should be the same. Linnaeus linked each animal and plant into genus’s that have become widely popular in use. He did so with a rare consistency and precision that has never before been developed and has since been followed.
A brief description of the classification system can be described as follows, using the species human as an example.
LIFE: Describes all things on the planet that are living.
DOMAIN: Eukarya- A single-celled or multicellular organism whose cells contain a distinct membrane-bound nucleus.
KINDOM: Animalia- All animals are motile, if only at certain life stages. Embryos pass through a blastula stage.
PHYLUM: Chordata- At some stage of development a dorsal nerve cord, a notochord, and gill slits.
CLASS: Mammalia- Give birth to babies rather than laying eggs, and feed their young with milk from their bodies.
ORDER: Primate- Have large brains, relative to other mammals, as well as an increased reliance on stereoscopic vision at the expense of smell,
FAMILY: Hominidae- The natural family of primates including modern man and the extinct immediate ancestors of man.
GENUS: Homo- Further evolvement of the Hominidea, includes Neanderthals.
SPECIEIS: Homo Sapiens - Humans
The Societies founder, and first president, was Sir James Edward Smith. A scientist and a collector himself he agreed with the findings of Linnaeus and upon his death named the foundation for him. The classification system then became world recognized and by the second half of the eighteenth century had been adopted by zoologists and botanists nationwide. The Linnaen Society has branches worldwide in Australia, Sweden, France, Canada, and the United States. Membership in the Linnaen Society is open to anyone interested in the work, and prospective members can join with a student membership.